Angioplasty and Stent Procedures in San Antonio, TX
Angioplasty is an endovascular procedure that is utilized to open blocked arteries. When arteries are blocked, they are unable to properly distribute oxygen and nutrients through the blood to the body. Blockages are made up of fatty deposits that accumulate and gradually cause blood flow to decrease over time.
Angioplasty treats this blockage by moving the plaque out of the way to open the artery, improving blood flow. The procedure starts by inserting a catheter with a small balloon attached at the end. Upon reaching the blockage, the balloon inflates and pushes the plaque to the walls of the artery, opening up the vessel. Next, the balloon deflates, and a stent is inserted to keep the vessel open. A stent is a mesh tube that retains its width after the balloon is deflated, preventing the plaque from restricting blood flow.
A stent will restore blood flow, but in some cases, the doctor may decide that bypass surgery is the best option for long-term heart health. Your physician will discuss the ideal treatment option for you.